Shneyder Yu.A., Karimova E.V., Prikhodko Yu.N., Lozovaya E.N., Zhivaeva T.S.
Tomato is the most important vegetable crop with an annual increase in its production worldwide. In the Russian Federation, greenhouse industry specializing in the production of tomatoes have been actively developing over the past few years. At the same time, tomato plants affect more than 200 different pests and diseases. Pathogens of viral diseases of plants are an important limiting factor for many branches of crop production, including vegetable growing. In recent years, in European countries, the production of tomatoes in open field and greenhouses has suffered from serious losses caused mainly by viral phytopathogens. The article presents an overview of the three most dangerous viruses, pathogens of tomato diseases – tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV), pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) and tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). These viruses have been repeatedly detected in a number of countries on almost all continents and have caused significant economic losses in the countries of their distribution. In view of the very rapid spread and detection of dangerous tomato viruses in a number of countries engaged in the production and further export of tomato seeds and fruits, Rosselkhoznadzor, from July 27, 2020, introduced as a temporary quarantine phytosanitary measure the requirement that these viruses are not present in seeds, planting material and fruits of host plants when they are imported and moved through the territory of the Russian Federation. The results of the phytosanitary risk analyses conducted at the Federal State Budgetary Institution «VNIIKR» in 2020 showed that ToBRFV, PepMV and TSWV meet the criteria of quarantine organisms for the Russian Federation, viruses are able to enter the territory of the country with quarantined products, spread and cause significant damage to the development of agriculture and economic activity of the country.
Key words: tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) pepino mosaic virus, PepMV, tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), plant protection
Shneyder Y.A., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), acting deputy director, head of the scientific, methodological and experimental centre, senior research fellow. Phone: +7 (499) 707-22-27, ad. 1520. E-mail: email@example.com
Karimova E.V., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), senior research fellow of scientific and methodological department of virology and bacteriology. Phone: +7 (499) 707-22-27, ad. 1709. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Prikhodko Yu.N., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Scientific and Methodological Department of Virology and Bacteriology. Phone: +7 (499) 707-22-27, ad. 1701. E-mail: email@example.com
Lozovaya E.N., research fellow, Postgraduate Studies Department, Phone: +7 (499) 707-22-27, ad. 1885. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zhivaeva T.S., research fellow, Scientific and Methodological Department of Virology and Bacteriology. Phone: +7 (499) 707-22-27, ad.1704. E-mail: email@example.com
All-Russian Center for Plant Quarantine
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