Tomatoes in southern Russia

УДК 635.64:631.53.02

T.V. Chernova, V.V. Ognev, E.I. Korsunov

An analysis of the importance of vegetable crops on the example of tomato in southern Russia is given. The contribution of the Poisk Agro holding in the creation of tomato variety for southern Russia is shown. Prospects for the breeding of new domestic hybrids of tomato with high consumer qualities are determined.

Keywords: vegetables, tomato, selection, variety, technology, import substitution.

T.V. Chernova, breeder, Rostov Breeding Centre of Poisk Agro holding

V.V. Ognev, PhD, associate professor, director, Rostov Breeding Centre of Poisk Agro holding. E-mail:

E.I. Korsunov, postgraduate student, Don State Agrarian University

  1. Vasilenko V.N. Vegetable growing in Rostov region: problems and solutions. Potato and Vegetables. 2013. No7. Pp. 2–4 (In Russ.).
  2. Klimenko N.N. Vegetable growing in South of Russia. Potato and Vegetables. 2013. No8. Pp. 2–4 (In Russ.).
  3. Mal’ko A.M. World seed market and place of Russia in it. Potato and vegetables. 2013. No4. Pp. 2–3 (In Russ.).
  4. Rezvyi G.I. Seed growing and its realization in current period. Potato and Vegetables. 2018. No7. Pp. 2–6 (In Russ.).
  5. Ognev V.V., Tereshonkova T.A., Khovrin A.N. Tomatoes for South of Russia: market needs and answers of domestic breeding. Potato and Vegetables. 2017. No11. Pp. 34–36 (In Russ.).
  6. Redichkina T., Artem'eva G. Exclusive from the Greenhouse. Vegetable Grower Herald. 2018. No10. Pp. 7–9 (In Russ.).
  7. Klimenko N.N., Khovrin A.N., Ognev V.V. Poisk Agro Holding: Breeding of Health and Longevity. Potato and Vegetables. 2017. No9. Pp. 8–10 (In Russ.).
  8. Analysis of Import of Cucumbers and Tomatoes into Russian Federation: Totals and Trends. Gavrish. 2018. No5. Pp. 24–28 (In Russ.).
  9. D.Miroshnichenko. Market Review: Vegetable Growing [web resource]. URL: Access date: 29.09. 2019.
  10. Gasparyan Sh.V., Maslovskii S.A. Processing of Vegetables in Russia: Current State and Future. Potato and Vegetables. 2018. No6. Pp. 2–6 (In Russ.).
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Summer crops of red beet in the south of Russia

УДК 633.41

L.A. Kuksa, A.N. Khovrin, L.N. Timakova

In the conditions of field experiments the technological methods of seed growing of table beet in the conditions of the South of Russia are specified. The optimal period of red beet sowing for root crops with high marketability producing for winter storage in the Rostov region is 5–15 of July. When sowing in this period, the quality of root crops improves, and the yield of marketable products is 84–90%.

Keywords: red beet, summer crops, the output of typical queen cells, the diameter of the root crop, ringiness.

L.A. Kuksa, junior research fellow, Biryuchekutskaya vegetable breeding experimental station – branch of FSBSI FSCV, agronomist of Breeding centre Rostovskiy, Poisk Agro Holding. E-mail:

A.N. Khovrin, PhD, associate professor, leading research fellow, head of department of breeding and seed growing, All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing – branch of FSBSI Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing, head of department of breeding and primary seed production of Poisk Agro Holding. E-mail:

L.N. Timakova, PhD, senior research fellow, laboratory of breeding of root crops and onions, department for breeding and seed growing, All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable – branch of FSBSI Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing, breeder of Poisk Agro Holding. E-mail:

  1. Growing of red beet in Russia, data for regions [Web resource]: URL: Aсcess date: 29.09.2019. (In Russ.).
  2. Agafonov E.V., Poluektov E.V. Soils and fertilizers in Rostov region. Tutorial. Persianovka. 1999. 90 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and watermelon growing. Ed. by V.F. Belik. M. Agropromizdat. 1992. 319 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Recommendations on production of high yield of cabbage, roots and onion seeds. GNU BOSOS. 1977. 26 p. (In Russ.).
  5. GOST 32285-2013. Fresh red beet which sold at retail outlets. Technical requirements [Web resource] URL: Access date: 17.09.19. (In Russ.).
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Water bodies in rural areas and their use

УДК 502/504:627.8:69.05

О.N. Chernykh, N.V. Khanov

The general information about the hydrotechnical environmental structures: weirs, ponds, mills, some pressing issues of construction, environmental reconstruction, restoration and operation of ponds and structures on them in modern farming is presented.

Keywords: environmental hydraulic structures, pond, watercourse, irrigation, water supply, recreation.

О.N. Chernykh, PhD, associate professor of the Hydraulic Structures Department. E–mail:

N.V. Khanov, DSc, head of the Department of Hydrotechnical Structures. E–mail: Institute of Land Reclamation of Water Management and Construction named after A.N. Kostyakova Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of the RSAU-MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev

  1. Shabanov A.D. Ponds in agricultural industry. Moscow. Kolos. 1977. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Volshanik V.V., Peshnin A.G., Radionov V.B., Yurchenko A.N., Amirova N.N., Dorkina I.V. Engineering ways of solution to the problem of improving the ecological condition of ponds and small rivers. Safety of power facilities. Scientific-technical and production compendium. OAO NIIES. Moscow. 2003. Vol. 12. Pp. 367–377 (In Russ.).
  3. Chernykh O.N., Rumyantsev I.S., Altunin V.I. The use of water mills in the restoration and ecological rehabilitation of water systems. Moscow. FGOU VPO MGUP. 2010. 369 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Babikov B.V. Hydraulic reclamation. St. Petersburg. Lan’. 2005. 300 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Chernyh O.N. Russian domain in the final works of the Department of hydraulic structures of the Timiryazev Agricultural Academy. Bulletin of the educational and methodical Association for education in the environmental management and water use. 2018. No11. Pp. 166–174. (In Russ.).
  6. Altunin, V., Volshanik, V., P'javkin, S., Chernyh, O. Water pours: grinds, flows, saws, forges and pumps water. Kommersant-Nauka. No3. 2015. Pp. 44–45. (In Russ.).
  7. Chernyh O.N., Altunin V.I., Sabitov M.A. Typified methods of ecological restoration of small rivers of Moscow (on the example of the Setun river). Environmental engineering. No3. 2015. Pp. 66–72. (In Russ.).
  8. Razumov G.A. Weirs. Moscow. Det.lit. 1988. 55 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Chernyh O.N., Volshanik V.V. The role of watermills in recreating historical landscapes. Environmental engineering. No4. 2017. Pp. 47–55. (In Russ.).
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№10, 2019en


Information and analysis

The beginning of organic vegetable growing in Belarus. I.S. Butov p. 2 Continue reading

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№7, 2019en


Main topic

Potato: problems and prospects. S.V. Zhevora, B.V. Anisimov, E.A. Simakov, E.V. Oves, S.N. Zebrin P. 2 Continue reading

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The results of testing of radish cultivars and hybrids

УДК 631.63:470.4

A.A. Mironov, A.A. Ushanov, K.A. Egorov, A.E. Alexeev

In conditions in film greenhouses, the yield characteristics of the most cultivated varieties and hybrids were assessed. The varieties (French breakfast and Sorento) and hybrids (F1 Vienna, F1 Donar and F1 Gloriet) are distinguished, with the same agricultural technology and growing season, compared with competitors, giving maximum mass of root.

Keywords: radish, varietal testing.

A.A. Mironov, PhD, associate professor, Department of Botany, Plant Breeding and Seed Technology, RSAU-MAA. Phone: +7 (499) 976–41–71. E-mail:

A.A. Ushanov, PhD, associate professor, Department of Botany, Plant Breeding and Seed Technology, RSAU-MAA. Phone: +7 (499) 976–41–71. E-mail:

K.A. Egorov, junior research fellow, Limited company «Breeding station after N.N. Timofeev». Phone: +7 (499) 976–41–71. E-mail:

A.E. Alekseev, junior research fellow, Limited company «Breeding station after N.N. Timofeev». Phone: +7 (499) 976–41–71. E-mail:

  1. Kolpakov N.A. Spring growing of radish in winter greenhouses. Potatoes and Vegetables. 2013. No. 6. P. 21.
  2. Yanaeva D.A., Khovrin A.N. New features in heterotic breeding of radish. Potatoes and Vegetables. 2018. No. 4. Pp. 39–40.
  3. Kulikov I.P. Results of dynamic cultivars testing of radish in the Middle Volga region. Breeding and seed production of agricultural crops. 2005. Pp. 63–66.
  4. Kulikov I.P. Results of cultivars testing of radish in the Penza region. Actual problems of agriculture at the present stage of development of agriculture. 2004. Pp. 197–198.
  5. Dospekhov B.A. Methodology of field experience. Moscow. Agropromizdat. 1985. 351 p.
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New forms of shallots in the North-East of Russia

УДК 635.25

V.M. Motov, A.V. Denisova, M.V. Motova, O.A. Cheglakova

The work results of the laboratory of vegetable crops selection Federal Agrarian Research Centre of the North-East in shallot onion culture are presented here. Selection and research of the sort samples of shallots have been conducted. It has been established that the sort samples АST-117, АST-83, АST-118, АSТ-80, АSТ-88 have a consistently high yield and can be used in selection and seed production for vegetative propagation in the future.

Keywords: shallot onion, promising samples, selection testing, selection, productivity of shallot onion, form index, shallot onion yield, biometric measures, phenological observations.

V.M. Motov, PhD, head of the vegetable crops breeding laboratory.E- mail:

A.V. Denisova, PhD, research fellow of the vegetable crops breeding laboratory

M.V. Motova, PhD, research fellow of the vegetable crops breeding laboratory

O.A. Cheglakova, junior research fellow of the vegetable crops breeding laboratoryState Scientific Institution Federal Agrarian Research Centre of the North-East

  1. Pivovarov V.F., Ershov I.I., Agafonov A. F. Onion crops. Moscow, 2001. 500 p.
  2. Grinberg E.G., Suzan V.G. Shtainert T.V. Shallots. Scientific and practical recommendations. Novosibirsk-Yekaterinburg. 2016. 45 p.
  3. Krug H. Vegetable growing. Moscow. 2000. 607 p.
  4. Vodianova O.S. Onions. Almaty. 2007. 367 p.
  5. Grinberg E.G., Vanina L.A., Suzan V.G. Shallots in Siberia and the Ural region. Novosibirsk. 2007. Pp. 115–117.
  6. Grinberg E.I., Zharkova S.V., Vanina L.A., Suzan V.G., Shlykova E.A., Denisyuk S.G. Scientific bases of introduction, selection and agrotechnics of shallots in Western Siberia. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Agrarian University. 2009. 207 p.
  7. Ershov I.I., Agafonov A.A., Alekseeva M.V. and others. Methodical instructions of onion crops breeding. Moscow: Russian Agricultural Academy. 1997. 123 p.
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  10. Nemtinov V. Salad onion cultivar Yaltinskii Plus is a promising innovative product of the Crimea. Vegetables of Russia. 2018. No. 3. Pp. 43–46.
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Probation of potato varieties in the Astrakhan region

УДК 635.21(470.46)

T.V. Boeva, Sh. B. Bairambekov, A.S. Sokolov

For soil and climatic conditions of the Astrakhan region were identified promising, with high marketability potato varieties with high yields, consumer qualities and of interest to agricultural producers and further research: Gulliver, League, Red Scarlett, Jewel, Impala, Aksenia, Udacha and Red Sonya.

Keywords: potato, Solanum tuberosum, variety, productivity, quality, profitability.

T.V. Boeva, PhD, senior research fellow, Department of agronomy and land reclamation

Sh.B. Bairambekov, DSc, prof., head of the Department of agricultural technologies and land reclamation

A.S. Sokolov, senior research fellow of the Department of selection and seed production

All-Russian research Institute of irrigated vegetable and melon growing – the branch of FSBI «Near-Caspian Federal agricultural research center, Russian Academy of Sciences» (ARRIIVMG – branch FSBI «NCFARC RAS. E-mail:

  1. Boev T.V., Bairambekov S. B., Dubrovin N.К. Prospects of development of the potato industry in the Astrakhan region. Elements of technology of agricultural crops growing  under irrigation: proceedings of the International science and practical conference (Astrakhan, April 28-29, 2016). Astrakhan: Ed. by Sorokin R.V., 2016. Pp. 29–32.
  2. Seregina N.I. Variety, quality, technology are factors of high yield of potatoes. Potato and vegetables. 2012. No. 6. Pp. 7–8.
  3. Simakov E.A. et al. Potato varieties cultivated in Russia. Moscow. KolosS. 2005. 110 p.
  4. Bairambekov S.B. et al. Technology of production of potatoes in the Astrakhan region: recommendations. Astrakhan: Publisher Sorokin R.V., 2013. 100 p.
  5. Belik V.F. Methods of experimental work in vegetable and melon growing. Moscow. Agropromizdat. 1992. 319 p.
  6. Dospekhov B.A. Methodology of field experience. Moscow. Kolos. 1973. 336 p.
  7. Methodical instructions on technology of potato breeding process. M.: VNIIKH after A. G. Lorkh. 2006. 22 p.
  8. Technological process of production of original, elite and reproductive seed potatoes: methodical recommendations. Moscow. Rosselkhozzentr. GNU VNIIKH. 2011. 32 p.
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Dynamics of species composition of potato pathogens in the European part of the Russian Federation.

УДК 633.11:632.488

A.N. Ignatov, J.V. Panycheva, M.V. Voronina, D.M. Vasiliev, F.S-U. Dzhalilov

Potatoes are in the fourth place among the main food crops in the world, and is one of the main food products of Russia. High impact of potato viral, bacterial, oomycete and fungal diseases has a serious threat to crop yield, leading to economic losses due to culling of seed potatoes and increase storage losses. In recent years, there has been an increase in the harmfulness of potato diseases associated with climatic changes, changes in the populations of pathogens, the change in cultivated potato varieties and other host plants. The effect of global warming is expected to be negative – elevated temperatures reduce the growth rate and accumulation of starch by tubers, cause physiological damage and increase susceptibility to pathogens, increase the pathogens and their vectors propagation rate. It is estimated that with the projected increase of global temperature, the potato yield at the existing areas across the World will fall by 2050 for about 14%, a significant proportion of these losses in Russia will be caused by new species and biotypes of potato pathogens. Estimated global warming effect proved that average temperature growth for each 1°C will elongate the necessary fungicide application period against Phytophthora infestance for 10-20 days depending to rains amount. Lack of protection will cause an additional yield loss of 2 t/ha for each degree of warming. There is a high risk of fungicide-resistant plant pathogens causing potato anthracnose, Rhizoctonia canker or black scurf, and silver scurf. Occurrence and harm of bacterial plant pathogens of potato is increasing and species prevalence is changing. Dickeya species became common potato pathogen in Russia at 2009, but since 2012 they there substituted by new Pectobacterium subspecies P. carotovorum subsp. brasiliense; P. carotovorum subsp. odoriferum, and species P. parmentieri. Environmental factors underline and multiply the errors in agro-technique and plant protection of potato, which are too conservative to withstand the changes in content and life style of plant pathogens.

Keywords: plant pathogens, potato, climate.

A.N. Ignatov (author for correspondence), DSc, Director on research R&D Center “PhytoEngenering” and professor, Agro- technological Institute, Peoples ' friendship University of Russia.E-mail:

J.S. Panycheva, postgraduate student, R&D Center "PhytoEngenering” and All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology.E-mail:

M.V. Voronina, PhD, research fellow, R&D Center "PhytoEngenering”.E-mail:

D.M. Vasiliev, PhD, research fellow, R&D Center "PhytoEngenering”.E-mail:

F. S-U. Dzhalilov, DSc, professor, head of Department of plant protection, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy by K. A. Timiryazev.E-mail:

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Production of salads – the experience of bewerberportal Moscow region

УДК 635.52

A.F. Razin, M.V. Shatilov, R.A. Meshcheryakova, T.N. Surikhina, O.A. Razin, G.A. Telegina

The article presents an analysis of the market of lettuce (Lastuca sativa L.) as one of the most economically important leafy vegetable crops. The production indicators of the world salad production are shown, including information about the countries that have a significant share in the global production. The process of production is described and economic indicators are analyzed on the example of LLC Vesyolyi Agronom growing salads in the Dmitrov district of the Moscow region.

Keywords: lettuce, production, economics.

M.V. Shatilov, PhD, research fellow of department of economics, All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing – branch of Federal State Budgetary Institution Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing (ARRIVG – FSBI FSCVG). E-mail:

M.I. Ivanova, DSc., professor RAS, chief research fellow, department of breeding and seed growing, ARRIVG – FSBI FSCVG. E-mail:

O.A. Razin, PhD, chief research fellow, Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing

T.N. Surikhina, junior research fellow, department of economics, ARRIVG – FSBI FSCVG. E-mail:

M.V. Kuzyakin, director general, LLC Vesyolyi Agronom

E.S. Sokolova, chief agronomist, LLC Vesyolyi Agronom

V.S. Bukanov, chief financial officer. LLC Vesyolyi Agronom

  1. Soldatenko A.V., Pivovarov V.F., Razin A. F., Meshcheryakova R.A., Shatilov M.V., Ivanova M.I., Taktarova S.V., Razin O.A. Economics of vegetable growing: state and modernity. Vegetables of Russia. 2018. No.5 (43). Pp. 63–68 (In Russ.).
  2. Materska M., Olszówka K., Chilczuk B., Stochmal A., Pecio Ł., Pacholczyk Sienicka B., Piacente S., Pizza C., Masullo M. Polyphenolic profiles in lettuce (Lactuca sativaL.) after CaCl2 treatment and cold storage. European Food Research and Technology (2019) 245. Pp. 733–744
  3. Ivanova M.I., Kashleva A.I., Alekseeva K.L., Davletbaeva O.R. Salad: diversity of varieties and cultivars. Potatoes and vegetables. 2017. No.5. Pp. 22–24 (In Russ.).
  4. Ivanova M.I., Kashleva A.I., Alekseeva K.L. Salad: biology and technology. Potato and vegetables. 2017. No.6. Pp. 23–25 (In Russ.).
  5. Материалы ФАО [Электронный ресурс]. URL: Дата обращения: 15.06.18.
  6. FAO materials [Web resource ]. URL: Access date: 15.06.2018.
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