Nutrition diagnostics of vegetable crops

UDC 631.454

Belova S.V.

One of the ways to assess the availability of soil nutrients is the methods of plant and soil diagnostics of plant nutrition. The article presents a brief review of the works and the most significant aspects of the methods of plant and soil diagnostics of plant nutrition: tissue diagnostics, leaf analysis, apiary analysis, express method. The main goal of soil and plant diagnostics is achieved by predicting the response and, to a greater extent, the consequential reflection of the effect of fertilizers on vegetable crops, depending on the zonality of soils. When studying the dynamics of morphological, biometric and chemical parameters of plants during the growing season, a more complete understanding of their need for nutrients is formed. Such information can serve as a basis for the development of measures for the directed impact of nutrition on crop formation. The necessity of using these methods in combination is substantiated, because in such a case these methods provide a more in-depth understanding of plant nutrient availability. Soil analyzes for the content of mobile forms of elements in them indicate their reserves, and by analyzing plant samples, we can judge the rate of entry of nutrients into plants, their need in certain phases of crop development. Given that the biological characteristics of plants leave their mark on the ability of the roots to use certain elements, a system of soil and plant nutrition diagnostics for vegetable crops should be developed. Thus, thanks to diagnostic methods, it becomes possible to predict the effect of nutrition on vegetable crops and to model the growth of the domestic food base.

Key words: nutrition elements, plant diagnostics, tissue diagnostics, soil diagnostics

Belova S.V., graduate student of FSBSI FSVC, junior research fellow of ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail:
  1. Ermokhin Yu.I., Bobrenko I.A. Complex diagnostics of mineral nutrition of sorghum plants. Electronic scientific and methodological journal of the Omsk State Agrarian University. 2017. No3(10). [Web resource]. URL: Access date: 11.11.22. (In Russ.).
  2. Ermokhin Yu.I., Bobrenko I.A., Bobrenko E.G. Historical aspects of the development of the method of complex diagnostics of nutrition of agricultural crops. Electronic scientific and methodological journal of the Omsk State Agrarian University. 2017. No2(9). [Web resource]. URL: Access date: 11.11.22. (In Russ.).
  3. Zerling V.V. Diagnostics of nutrition of agricultural crops: a Handbook. Moscow. Agropromizdat. 1990. 235 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Lagatu H., Maume L. Diagnostic de l’alimentation d’un vegetale par l’évolution chimique d’une feuille convenablement choisi. Cr. Academ. Sei. Paris. 1926. 653 p. (In French.).
  5. Zerling V.V., Pankov Yu.I., Ermokhin G.G., Vendilo G.G., Borisov V.A. Guidelines for plant diagnostics of mineral nutrition of vegetable crops in open ground. Moscow. Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR. 1983. 58 p. (in Russ.).
  6. Borisov V.A., Fertilizer system for vegetable crops. Moscow. FGBNU «Rosinformagrotech». 2016. 392 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Borisov V.A., Vasyuchkov I.Yu., Kolomiets A.A., Uspenskaya O.N., Belova S.V. The effectiveness of the use of dressings of vegetable crops according to soil and plant diagnostics. Agrochemistry. 2022. No2. Pp. 31–36 (In Russ.).
  8. Altland J. Plant Nutrition Diagnosis [Web resource] URL: Access date: 19.08.22
  9. Hochmuth G., Maynard D., Vavrina C., Hanlon E., and Simonne E. Plant tissue analysis and interpretation for vegetable crops in Florida. Nutrient Management of Vegetable and Row Crops Handbook. 2012. P. 45–92.
  10. Mitchell K., Duccer W. and Couch M. Increased Translocation of Plant-Growth-Modifying Substances Due to Application of Boron. Science. 1953. V.118. No3065. Pp. 142–151.
  11. Biryukova O. A., Elnikov I. I., Kryshchenko V. S. Operational diagnostics of plant nutrition. Rostov-on-Don. Publishing house of the Southern Federal University. 2010. 168 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Prevost P., Ollanier M. Law of the minimum and balanced mineral nutrition. Analysis of plants and fertilizer problems. Moscow. Kolos. 1964. Pp. 247–270 (In Russ).
  13. Kenworthy A. Interpretation of the composition of the leaves of fruit trees. Analysis of plants and the problem of fertilizer. Moscow. 1964. Pp. 53–69 (In Russ.).
  14. Zhurbitsky Z.I. On the prospects for the use of sheet diagnostics. Diagnosis of plant needs for fertilizers (Plant analysis and fertilizer problems). Moscow. Kolos. 1970. Pp. 31–35 (In Russ.).


For citing: Belova S.V. Nutrition diagnostics of vegetable crops. Potato and vegetables. 2022. No12. Pp. 13-16. (In Russ.).


This entry was posted in Vegetable growing and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *