The article provides information on origin and world distribution of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). The data on the invasive range and harmfulness of the pest in the South of Russia is presented. The description of morphological and biological features of the pest is given. The pest monitoring and control measures are described. The brown marmorated stink bug is a dangerous invasive pest of East Asia origin. It damages a number of economically important plants, including various vegetable and fruit crops, as well as forestry and ornamentals. In Europe, this pest has been recorded for the first time in 2004, in Switzerland and Liechtenstein; as of 2020, it has been introduced to 26 countries of the continent. In the Eurasian Economic Union, the pest has been recorded for the first time in Russia in 2014, in the territory of Sochi; in 2017 it has been recorded for the first time in Kazakhstan. The invasive range of the pest is currently being formed in the South of Russia. The pest has spread to the Krasnodar Krai and the Republic of Crimea. The brown marmorated stink bug feeds on more than 300 plant species from 49 families. The most severely damaged vegetable crops are tomatoes, peppers, aubergine, cucumber, beans, peas and corn; among the fruit crops, the highest damage occurs in apples, pears, peaches, cherries, citrus fruit crops, hazel, persimmons, and grapes. As early as in 2016-2017, the brown marmorated stink bug caused serious damage to vegetable and fruit crops in the Krasnodar Krai. Detection of outbreaks of the brown marmorated stink bug is carried out by both visual and pheromone monitoring. Pheromone monitoring allows identifying pests even at low population densities; it is carried out using pheromone traps, which are placed on the edges of fields from May to September. The «State catalogue of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation» includes 3 insecticides recommended for use against this pest, but so far there are no preparations permitted for protection of solanaceous and legume crops.
Key words: Halyomorpha halys, brown marmorated stink bug, Hemiptera, invasive pests, pests of vegetables, plant quarantine, plant protection, Southern Russia
Mityushev I.M., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), associate professor, Department of Plant protection, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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For citing: Mityushev I.M. The brown marmorated stink bug is a new threat to vegetable production in the South of Russia. Potato and vegetables. 2020. No5. Pp. 20-24. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2020.11.69.004 (In Russ.).