Search, selection and creation of source material to improve the quality for red beet

UDC 635.11: 631.527

Timakova L.N., Kolomiets M.A., Kornev A.V.

The purpose of the research is to determine the biochemical composition of collectible samples of canteen beets and to create a new source material to improve the quality of canteen beets. The experimental work was carried out at the ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC in the period from 2019 to 2021. The object of research is collectible samples and polycross progeny of canteen beets. The research material is two- and three-year primary data on the chemical composition of table beet root crops. In the course of breeding work on the creation of beet varieties, new collectible samples of French, Dutch, and Italian origin were evaluated in the nursery of the source material. Samples of table beet were grown in a vegetable crop rotation. Agrotechnics on experimental plots is generally accepted for this zone. According to the content of solids, soluble sugars and betanin, the samples of F1 Monti, F1 Red Arias, F1 Cardiac were distinguished. There was a slight variation in the content of solids and sugars in the collection samples over the years of research. The most stable indicators were found in F1 Cardiac, F1 Ronda and F1 Bohan hybrids. The most variable was the content of betanin, in samples it varied from 72.9 (F1 Kestrel) up to 126.8 mg/100 g (Bebibit). Of the hybrids from polycross crossing, the highest values in terms of dry matter content (above 15%) and soluble sugars (11.9 and 12.4%) were noted in numbers 800–1 × mixture and 709 × mixture. The greatest accumulation of betanin in table beet roots (over 120 mg/100 g) is in hybrid combinations 800–2 × mixture and F1 Bohan × mixture. These samples can be used as the progenitors of future varieties in breeding to improve the quality of root crops. The samples with the highest GCA for dry matter, sugars and betanin have the mother form of which are the lines of the Modana variety. These lines can be used as sources of valuable source material to improve the quality of root crops during heterosis breeding.

Key words: red beet, source material, betanin, polycross, combining ability.

Timakova L.N. (author for correspondence), Cand. Sci. (Agr.), senior research fellow, All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing – branch of Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing (ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC). E-mail:

Kolomiets M.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), research fellow, ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC

Kornev A.V., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), senior research fellow, ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC

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For citing: Timakova L.N., Kolomiets M.A., Kornev A.V. Search, selection and creation of source material to improve the quality for red beet. Potato and vegetables. 2023. No5. Pp. 37-40. (In Russ.).

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