Influence of the nesting method of growing leeks on the formation of the crop

UDC 635.261

Dyikanova M.E., Konstantinovich A.V., Terekhova V.I., Borashvili A.E.

Leek is the one of the most common vegetable crop in Europe. In Russia, leek can be classified as less common, which is associated with such problems as: harsher climatic conditions during the period of mass harvesting of late-ripening varieties in relation to European countries and the lack of premises for storing products with controlled conditions. The spread of this crop is hindered due to insufficient population awareness of its valuable properties and nutritional applications, as well as the lack of advanced growing and storage technology. Modern leek technology requires significant manual labour during product refinement. All these factors make it difficult to introduce leeks into mass production. The purpose of the work is studying the effect of nesting of plants on the growth and formation of the crop. Research was carried out in 2019–2020 at the collection site of the department of vegetable growing, the territory of the Vegetable Experimental Station named after V.I. Edelstein. The research used varieties Karantansky, Colambus. Seedlings aged 60 days were using for planting, all variants were planted simultaneously in one day. Seedlings aged 60 days were used for planting, all variants were planted simultaneously on the same day. Weather conditions in 2019–2020 at the time of planting seedlings in the open ground were approximately equal to the long-term average values. The placement method is rendomized, with four-fold repetition. The area of the experimental plot is 38 m2, the planting scheme is 70×30 cm. Seeds were sown for seedlings in the first decade of March, seedlings were planted in the open ground in the first or second decade of may, bundle products were harvested in the second decade of July, and the total yield was in the first decade of October. Biometric measurements and crop records were performed during the growing season. Features of development of leek plants depending on the experiment variant are given. Thus, the varieties Karantansky and Columbus can be recommended for obtaining mini-products of leeks, using the option of two plants in the nest. To get the maximum marketable products in the studied varieties, it is necessary to grow one plant in the nest.

Key words: leeks, varieties, nesting method, yield

Dyikanova M.E., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), associate professor of vegetable growing Department. E-mail:

Konstantinovich A.V., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), associate professor of vegetable growing Department. E-mail:

Terekhova V.I., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), associate professor, acting head of vegetable growing Department. E-mail:

Borashvili A.E., student. E-mail:

Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy (RSAU – MTAA)

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For citing: Influence of the nesting method of growing leeks on the formation of the crop. M.E. Dyikanova, A.V. Konstantinovich,
V.I. Terekhova, A.E. Borashvili. Potato and vegetables. 2020. No12. Pp. 15-17. (In Russ.).

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