Potato breeding and seed production: scientific support and business projects

UDC 34.23: 581.17

Zhevora S.V., Simakov E.A., Anisimov B.V., Mityushkin A.V., Zhuravlev A.A.,  Zebrin S.N.

The purpose of the work is to substantiate the need for innovative reform of potato breeding and seed production to solve the problem of self-sufficiency with seed material of domestic varieties. The state of the potato growing industry in the Russian Federation is characterized by the stabilization of the potato growing area at the level of 1–1.2 million ha and gross harvest of 18–20 million tons. A further reduction in the share of small farms in the total potato production and a decrease in their influence on the market of marketable potatoes is predicted. An increase in gross potato production in large-scale agricultural organizations and peasant (farmer) farms is possible both due to the expansion of areas and due to the increase in yields. There is an insufficiently high level of competitiveness of domestic varieties, which occupy about 10% of the volume of seed material used for planting. Among the main reasons, the lack of interest of commodity producers in new domestic varieties, which are still weakly competing with foreign analogues due to the lack of a proper volume of high-quality seed material from originators, is indicated. The pace of promotion of new varieties in production is delayed for many years. As part of the implementation of the FNTP Subprogram “Development of potato breeding and seed production in the Russian Federation for 2017–2030”, it is necessary to intensify the partnership between the seed breeding centers of state scientific institutions and agricultural enterprises to increase the competitiveness of domestic breeding achievements. In order to increase the efficiency of scientific support, the successful implementation of business projects and the creation of a competitive seed fund of domestic varietal resources within the framework of the Subprogram “Development of potato breeding and seed production”, it is necessary to ensure: the creation of a modern material and technical base of breeding and seed centers of state scientific institutions and agricultural enterprises for the production of original and elite seed potatoes; increasing production volumes elites up to 60 thousand tons and an increase in the share of domestic varieties in the total balance of varietal resources; strict compliance with the regulations for the production of original and elite seed potatoes; prohibition of unauthorized import and use of potato varieties not included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for planting seed material.

Key words: potato, breeding, hybrid, variety, competitiveness, seed market, interaction of science and business.

Gevora S.V. (author for correspondence), D. Sci. (Agr.), director. E-mail: vniikh@mail.ru

Simakov E.A., D. Sci. (Agr.), head of the experimental gene pool department

Mityushkin A.V., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), head of the laboratory for selection of varieties for processing

Zhuravlev A.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), senior research fellow

Anisimov B.V., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), head of laboratory of varietal identification and soil control, advisor for the development of scientific and educational programs

Zebrin S.N., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow of laboratory of varietal identification and soil control

Russian Potato Research Center

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For citing: Potato breeding and seed production: scientific support and business projects. S.V. Zhevora, E.A. Simakov, B.V. Anisimov, A.V. Mitjushkin, A.A. Zhuravlev, S.N. Zebrin. Potato and vegetables. 2023. No4. Pp. 6-10. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2023.22.92.003 (In Russ.).

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