UDC 635. 21: 631.527 (571.63)
Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S., Simakov E.A., Mityushkin A.V.
As result of breeding work a new potato cultivar is bred at Primorye vegetable breeding experimental station. The main method of creating a potato cultivar is interspecific hybridization using the best cultivars of the world's collection as the source material and complex interspecific hybrids – donors of certain valuable traits. We studied 2010 single-club hybrids from 15 breeding combinations of the All-Russian research Institute of potato production named after A. G. Lorch. The principle of selecting the source material of potatoes corresponded to the intended purpose for the South of the Far East – the cultivar should be medium-ripened and resistant to late blight. Breeding material was studied according to accepted in Russia methodology. Weather conditions during the research period (2009–2017) were most favorable in 2014 and 2017, when the yield of hybrids was 40 t/ha or higher, and extremely unfavorable in 2016 due to excessive precipitation and epiphytotic development of late blight, as a result, in most cases, the yield was only 8–10 t/ha. Strong development of late blight was also noted in 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2017, which made it possible to reliably assess the selection material for resistance to this very harmful potato disease. According to the results of the evaluation of 2010 hybrids, only two hybrids reached the competitive test, including under the selection number 1615–85, which had a significant advantage over the standard for yield and resistance to late blight. This hybrid 1615–85 called Artemovets was passed to the state test in 2017. According to the results of this test in 2018–2019, Artemovets cultivar is included in the state register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation for the far Eastern region from 2020.
Key words: potatoes, source material, selection process, variety, state register of the Russian Federation
Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Primorye vegetable experimental station – branch of the Federal scientific centre for vegetable growing (PVES – a branch of FSBSI FSCVG). E–mail: email@example.com
Leunov V.I., D. Sci. (Agr.), Professor of the Departament of vegetable growing, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E – mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, Primorye vegetable experimental station – branch of the Federal scientific centre for vegetable growing (PVES – branch of FSBSI FSCVG). E–mail: email@example.com
Simakov E.A., Sci. (Agr.), Professor, head of Department of experimental gene pool, Russian Research Potato Centre. E–mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mityshkin A.V., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), head of the laboratory for breeding of cultivars for processing, Russian Research Potato Centre. E–mail: email@example.com
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For citing: Artemovets is a new potato cultivar bred in Far East of Russia. N.A. Sakara, V.I. Leunov, T.S. Tarasova, E.A. Simakov, A.V.Mityushkin. Potato and vegetables. 2020. No9. Pp. 24–28. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2020.72.24.004 (In Russ.).