UDC 571:150: 635.1/8:635:21
Bronts A.A., Sakara N.A., Sukhomirov G.I., Tarasova T.S., Trubitsin V.T., Morozov V.A., Sidorenko P.S., Oznobikhin V.I.
Based on the analysis of available data, it is shown that in the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD) and Primorye region (PR), in particular, the problem of self-sufficiency of the population with potatoes is solved in the required volume and even higher, and vegetables are not significantly fulfilled. To explain the reason for the insufficient supply of vegetables to the PR population, the state of vegetable growing was analyzed according to the main indicators: yield, acreage and gross harvest. As a result, it was found that in the PR there is a low yield of vegetables with fluctuations over the years from 11.6 to 19.4 t/ha, which is almost at the level of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (15.8 t/ha), where climatic conditions are much worse and more difficult than in the PR. The sown areas for vegetables in the FEFD are characterized by relatively stable stability, both in the region as a whole (from 23.4 to 25.5 thousand t) and in the PR, in particular (from 8.9 to 10.9 thousand t). With these indicators, the gross harvest of vegetables is subject to significant fluctuations, which does not contribute to the sustainable provision of the population with vegetable products. To eliminate the existing shortage of vegetables, we have calculated the necessary indicators for increasing the gross harvest of vegetables, their possible yield and the necessary acreage. For the practical solution of the problem of increasing the production of vegetable products to the required level (220.0 thousand tons), the Primorye Vegetable Experimental Station – a branch of the Federal Scientific Vegetable Center (PVES – branch of FSBSI FSVC) has the necessary scientifically proven technologies verified in various farms of the region. They are implemented in the form of a modern biologized vegetable farming system. Checking our recommendations in various PR farms contributes to a significant increase in crop yields, including: potatoes up to 30.0 t/ha, carrots – up to 65.0 t/ha and red beets – up to 40.0 t/ha. PVES – FSVC, with the total annual demand of the region for vegetable seeds in the amount of 22–23 t, taking into account the improvement of its material and technical base, it is able to increase the production of seeds of these crops only up to 10–15 t.
Key words: vegetable growing, potato growing, availability of products, acreage, harvest, gross harvest, recommendations
Bronts A.A., Minister of Agriculture of Primorye region. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), deputy the head of the scientific work of the Primorye Vegetable Experimental Station – a branch of the FSBSI FSVC (PVES - branch of FSBSI FSVC). E-mail: email@example.com
Sukhomirov G.I., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Institute of Economic Research, Far East Branch of RAS. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, PVES - branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: email@example.com
Trubitsin V.T., head of the Trubitsin farm. E-mail: Trubicyn_denis@mail.ru
Morozov A.V., chief agronomist of the Morozov farm. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sidorenko P.S., director of Ovoschevod LLC. E-mail: email@example.com
Oznobikhin V.I., professor, scientific consultant, PVES - branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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For citing: Vegetable and potato growing in Primorye region. A.A. Bronts, N.A. Sakara, G.I. Sukhomirov, T.S. Tarasova, V.T. Trubitsin, V.A. Morozov, P.S. Sidorenko, V.I. Oznobikhin. Potato and vegetables. 2022. No4. Pp. 8-10. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2022.79.78.002 (In Russ.).