White cabbage in vegetable crop rotations of Primorye region

UDC 635.1/.8:635.34+635.13+635.62+635.11:631.582

Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S., Mikheev Y.G., Oznnbikhin V.I.

To plan reasonable crop rotations, there is not enough data only on the assessment of predecessors and the possibilities of re-sowing vegetable crops. For this, in the Research Institute of Vegetable Growing Industry and its experimental stations used the method of experimental development of agronomic fundamentals and principles for constructing vegetable, vegetable-forage and melon crop rotations based on the study of their elements. The use of this method at the Primorye vegetable station made it possible to select the most productive elements in crop rotations with the potatoes and red beets growing. On the basis of these studies, work was also carried out to determine the place of white cabbage in vegetable crop rotations, which is the purpose of this work. By the time we started our research, there were no experimental data on the best predecessor for white cabbage and other vegetable crops in Primorye region. 16 elements of vegetable crop rotations were studied by the method of sowing “all crops for all”. On the basis of the experimental data obtained by us, it is possible, depending on the specific variant, to design the most successful elements with white cabbage and, if possible, not to use crop rotations with unsatisfactory crop rotation, especially those that start with table beets. Planting white cabbage over white cabbage will significantly reduce yields. But when repeated plantings of cabbage were interspersed with carrots or pumpkins, this steadily eliminated their negative impact on cabbage yields. If cabbage is grown after table beet, this can lead to a decrease in its yield to the level of repeated plantings of this crop. The highest yield of cabbage can be achieved in the pumpkin-carrot, cabbage-carrot, pumpkin-pumpkin, carrot-pumpkin and cabbage-pumpkin elements.

Key words: Primorye region, white cabbage, table carrot, pumpkin, table beet, crop rotation element, yield, produce output

Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: nsakara@inbox.ru

Leunov V.I., D.Sci. (Agr.), professor of departament of vegetable growing, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E-mail: vileunov@mail.ru

Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: yaktakoma79@mail.ru

Mikheev Y.G., D.Sci. (Agr.), chief research fellow, head of Department, PVEX – branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: jgmiheev53@mail.ru

Oznnbikhin V.I., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), professor, freelance research fellow of Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: oznobihin@yandex.ru

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For citing: White cabbage in vegetable crop rotations of Primorye region. N.A. Sakara, V.I. Leunov, T.S. Tarasova, Y.G. Mikheev, V.I. Oznobikhin. Potato and vegetables. 2022. No4. Pp. 15-18. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2022.19.86.003 (In Russ.).


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