Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S., Mikheev Y.G., Oznnbikhin V.I.
To plan reasonable crop rotations, there is not enough data only on the assessment of predecessors and the possibilities of re-sowing vegetable crops. For this, in the Research Institute of Vegetable Growing Industry and its experimental stations used the method of experimental development of agronomic fundamentals and principles for constructing vegetable, vegetable-forage and melon crop rotations based on the study of their elements. The use of this method at the Primorye vegetable station made it possible to select the most productive elements in crop rotations with the potatoes and red beets growing. On the basis of these studies, work was also carried out to determine the place of white cabbage in vegetable crop rotations, which is the purpose of this work. By the time we started our research, there were no experimental data on the best predecessor for white cabbage and other vegetable crops in Primorye region. 16 elements of vegetable crop rotations were studied by the method of sowing “all crops for all”. On the basis of the experimental data obtained by us, it is possible, depending on the specific variant, to design the most successful elements with white cabbage and, if possible, not to use crop rotations with unsatisfactory crop rotation, especially those that start with table beets. Planting white cabbage over white cabbage will significantly reduce yields. But when repeated plantings of cabbage were interspersed with carrots or pumpkins, this steadily eliminated their negative impact on cabbage yields. If cabbage is grown after table beet, this can lead to a decrease in its yield to the level of repeated plantings of this crop. The highest yield of cabbage can be achieved in the pumpkin-carrot, cabbage-carrot, pumpkin-pumpkin, carrot-pumpkin and cabbage-pumpkin elements.
Key words: Primorye region, white cabbage, table carrot, pumpkin, table beet, crop rotation element, yield, produce output
Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: email@example.com
Leunov V.I., D.Sci. (Agr.), professor of departament of vegetable growing, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: email@example.com
Mikheev Y.G., D.Sci. (Agr.), chief research fellow, head of Department, PVEX – branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Oznnbikhin V.I., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), professor, freelance research fellow of Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: email@example.com
- Sakara N.A. Crop rotations. Evaluation of agricultural crops and sideral steam as precursors of vegetable crops: in the book: «The system of agriculture in the Primorsky Territory». Novosibirsk. 2001. Pp. 142–146 (In Russ.).
- Sakara N.A. The best potato precursors in vegetable crop rotations with sideral steam. Potato and vegetables. 2010. No3. Pp. 17–19 (In Russ.).
- Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S. Table beets in vegetable and potato crop rotations in the south of the Russian Far East. Potato and vegetables. 2021. No4. Pp. 7–12 (In Russ.).
- Methods of experimental work in vegetable growing and melon growing. Moscow. Agropromizdat. 1992. 319 p. (In Russ.).
- Sakara N.A. The influence of steam types and fertilizer systems on the fertility of meadow-brown soil in vegetable crop rotation. Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2017. No3(193). Pp. 38–44 (In Russ.).
- Sidorenko S.P. Improvement of the technological process and justification of machines for the cultivation of vegetable crops on agro-reclamation ridges in the Far East zone. The works of NIIOH. Improvement of vegetable cultivation technologies. Moscow. 1988. Pp. 50–65 (In Russ.).
- Leunov I.I. Emelyanov A.A. Energy assessment of cultivation technologies in the system of agriculture: methodological recommendations. Moscow. 2003. 32 p. (In Russ.).
For citing: White cabbage in vegetable crop rotations of Primorye region. N.A. Sakara, V.I. Leunov, T.S. Tarasova, Y.G. Mikheev, V.I. Oznobikhin. Potato and vegetables. 2022. No4. Pp. 15-18. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2022.19.86.003 (In Russ.).