Surikhina T.N., Meshcheryakova R.A., Telegina G.A.
The results of the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the Russian economy and vegetable growing are considered. The COVID-19 outbreak has created an imbalance in the global economy. The quarantine measures imposed by countries to mitigate the spread of the pandemic, continue to have a negative impact on the economic situation in the world and the economy of individual countries, including Russia. Disruptions in the supply chain of consumer and industrial goods have led to higher prices for raw materials and food products, to business closures and layoffs. The introduction of restrictions on the export of goods has reduced the volume of imports. In January 2021, compared to January 2020, the decrease in imports for food products and raw materials for their production was 4.2%, for vegetables – 11.5%. The prices of imported vegetables were 2.5–3.4 times higher than the prices of exported vegetables. The losses in this area due to the pandemic were minimal. The gross harvest of vegetables in the whole country in 2020 amounted to 13.8 million t, which is 1.7% lower than in 2019. At the same time, the gross harvest of open ground vegetables decreased by 3.1%, and of protected ground vegetables increased by 6.6%. There were difficulties with the sale of vegetables. During the crisis period, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for vegetables fell by 30%. The population switched to cheaper vegetables. To support producers and consumers world countries governments undertook measures.
Key words: COVID-19 coronavirus, economy, quarantine measures, supply and sales chains, import, export, gross harvest, prices, vegetables
Surikhina T.N., junior research fellow, Department of Economics and Forecasts. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Meshcheryakova R.A., senior research fellow, Department of Economics and Forecasts. E-mail: email@example.com
Telegina G.A., junior research fellow, department of technologies and innovations. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing – branch of FSBSI Federal Scientific Vegetable Centre
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For citing: Surikhina T.N., Meshcheryakova R.A., Telegina G.A. Features of vegetable production in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Potato and vegetables. 2021. No9. Pp. 22-26. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2021.83.31.003 (In Russ.).