Timakova L.N., Sokolova L.M.
The range of root crops consumed in winter can be significantly expanded by including turnips and various varieties of radish in the diet. The purpose of the work is to determine the optimal shelf life of radishes of various geographical origin and turnips with a summer growing period. The research was conducted at the ARRIVG-branch of the FSBSI FSVC (Moscow region, Ramensky district). Sowing for storing root crops was carried out in the third decade of July. The cultivation technology is generally accepted. The soil of the experimental site belongs to the type of alluvial meadow, medium loamy, saturated, moisture-intensive. Phytopathological assessment of root crops during storage was carried out in the immunity laboratory of the Department of Breeding and Seed Production of ARRIVG- branch of the Federal Research Center for Vegetable Growing. Chapek medium was used for the cultivation of phytopathogenic fungi. Root crops were stored for 7 months-in plastic bags, in a storage with active ventilation at a temperature of 0.5–1.5 °C, air humidity of 95%. The object of research: the storage period of root crops. Subject of research: varieties of turnips and radishes of European, Chinese and Japanese. The results of root crop storage in dynamics are presented: starting from December (after 3 months of storage). The biological features of the culture are the main condition for the shelf life and maximum preservation of the nutritional qualities of the products. As a result of the research, the optimal shelf life of crops was revealed: for European radish, it is 6–7 months, for Chinese radish and turnip-5 months, for daikon-3 months. It was found that Japanese radish or daikon is most susceptible to fungal diseases during storage.
Key words: root vegetables, shelf life, losses, radish, turnip, daikon fusarium, lesion, stability
Timakova L.N., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), senior research fellow of the department of breeding and seed growing, ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC. E-mail: email@example.com
Sokolova L.M., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, department of breeding and seed production, ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC
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For citing: Timakova L.N., Sokolova L.M. Storage of root crops at the summer period of cultivation in the conditions of the Moscow region. Potato and vegetables. 2021. No9. Pp. 19-21. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2021.13.16.002 (In Russ.).