Potential of cabbage family greens production

UDC 635.4

Zemyakhin M.S., Leunov V.I.

The purpose of the study is to describe economically valuable and consumer characteristics in order to popularize among small and large producers of plant agricultural products cabbage green vegetables, in particular, mustard salad (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.,), arugula salad (Eruca sativa Mill.) and thin-leaved double-row (Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.). Russia is a country with difficult climatic conditions, most of which is located in the zone of risky agriculture. Against the background of the introduction of sanctions policy the reduction in imports of vegetable products significantly reduces its availability and makes prices for it extremely high. The author of the article believes that within the framework of solving this problem, along with expanding the range of food products, it will be beneficial for producers of vegetable agricultural products to practice growing salad mustard and arugula in the temperate zone of Russia, taking into account the fact that the aforementioned crops differ little from other green ones, they differ in cultivation techniques and have varieties obtained thanks to domestic breeders. These vegetable crops have excellent nutritional qualities, theoretically can be used in the creation of food additives, and are also suitable for high-intensity cultivation in the climatic conditions of our country. Their growing season allows you to get large harvests in a short time, and in the presence of protected soil structures, it becomes possible to supply this greenery all year round. In the article, the author summarizes and provides information on the distribution and economically useful qualities of salad mustard, as well as wild and cultural arugula, based on various sources. In order to expand the assortment, large agricultural holdings and small producers are recommended to pay attention to the practice of producing salad mustard and arugula. The activation of their cultivation, the increase in existing production volumes, together with the introduction and application of new methods of storage and processing of products for these green vegetables will significantly increase their shelf life and the possibility of sale, therefore, significantly increase the profitability of growing these crops.

Key words: mustard grass, cabbage crops, arugula salad, arugula, diplotaxis tenuifolia, agriculture

Zemyakhin M.S., postgraduate student, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E-mail: sun-tci@yandex.ru

Leunov V.I., D.Sci. (Agr.), professor, professor of department of vegetable growing, RSAU–MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E-mail: vileunov@mail.ru

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For citing: Zemyakhin M.S., Leunov V.I. Potential of cabbage family greens production. Potato and vegetables. 2023. No9. Pp. 22-24. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2023.34.70.002 (In Russ.).

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