Adilov M.M., Rustamov B.A., Rustamov A.S., Amanova M.E.
Conducting research on the selection of varieties of red cabbage is an actual scientific and practical problem for the agriculture of Uzbekistan. The purpose of the research: selection of varieties and hybrids of red cabbage in the cultivation of its repeated culture in the summer-autumn period. The research was carried out at the Department of Vegetable Growing, Melon Growing and Potato Growing of the Tashkent State Agrarian University. Field experiments were conducted at the experimental base of the Research Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, located in Kibraisk district, Tashkent region. The soils are typical grey desert soil of long-standing irrigation with a humus layer thickness of 0.6–1.0 m. In 2015–2019, a collection of 24 different cultivars of red cabbage, a standant hybrid F1 Primero, was studied. The following varieties are distinguished: F1 Red Dynasty, F1 Super red, untitled from China, F1 Romanov, F1 Royal. Together with the standard and the F1 Omero hybrid, which is popular in the seed market of Uzbekistan, they were included in the preliminary variety testing. It was revealed that all the varieties tested in it belong to the group of early varieties according to the duration of the growing season (from planting to the first harvest, 84–92 days). In the competitive variety testing, 4 varieties were included together with the standard: the three most productive (untitled from China, F1 Ranchero, F1 Red Dynasty) and the F1 Omero hybrid, which was characterized by high tying and marketability of heads. It was found that the most leafy varieties were: F1 Ranchero, untitled from China and F1 Red Dynasty, the least – F1 Omero. The best knotting of the heads was distinguished by untitled cultivars from China and F1 Omero, the worst – F1 Red Dynasty. The largest heads in the nursery of the competitive variety test were formed by F1 Ranchero (1.13 kg) and untitled from China (1.12 kg), the smallest – F1 Omero (0.98 kg). In the nursery of competitive variety testing, the standard for total and commercial yield was surpassed by the varieties F1 Ranchero (42.8 and 34.3 t/ha), untitled from China (40.3 and 30.8 t/ha) and F1 Omero (38.2 and 31.7 t/ha, respectively). For cultivation in repeated culture, it is recommended to use the F1 Ranchero hybrid and the untitled variety from China.
Key words: variety samples, head of cabbage, setting, marketability, productivity, repeated culture
Adilov M.M., D. Sci. (Agr.), professor of department of vegetable, melon crops and potato growing. Е-mail: m. email@example.com
Rustamov B.A., doctoral student of department of vegetable, melon crops and potato growing. Е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rustamov A.S., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), assoc. prof. of department of vegetable, melon crops and potato growing. E-mail: email@example.com
Amanova M.E., D. Sci. (Agr.), professor of department of vegetable, melon crops and potato growing. Е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tashkent state agrarian university
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For citing: Varieties and hybrids of red cabbage for re-culture in Uzbekistan. M.M. Adilov, B.A. Rustamov, A.S. Rustamov, M.E. Amanova. Potato and vegetables. 2021. No4. Pp. 26-29. https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2021.66.80.004 (In Russ.).