Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S., Nikolaev V.A.
Red beet is one of the most important crops in vegetable and vegetable-potato crop rotations. However, there is no unambiguous information about its reaction to previous cultures during alternation. To explore this question at the Primorye Vegetable Research station – branch of FSCVG was laid many years of inpatient experience using progressive method «planting all crops at all». In the first year of each of the two marker, in 2002 and 2005, respectively, oats and soybeans were sequentially sown for green fertilizer. In the second year after the sideral steam, potatoes (Nevskiy variety), white cabbage (Vyuga variety), carrots (Taifun variety), table beet (Bordo variety 237) and table pumpkin (Nadezhda variety) were grown. In the third year, potatoes, white cabbage, carrots, table beets and pumpkins were grown for each crop. In the fourth year, table beets, potatoes, and white cabbage were grown as the final crops for these crops. Such an annual overlap of crops made it possible to study twenty five vegetable-potatoes crop rotations with different saturation (from 25 to 75%) of their vegetable plants and potatoes by 2005 and 2008. The soil of the experimental site is meadow-brown cultivated, heavy fur composition, slightly acidic with a high content of mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium. The systems of tillage, application of fertilizers, protective equipment, and technology of cultivation of vegetable crops and potatoes were in accordance with the recommendations of the Primorye Vegetable Research Station. In the years of the research, the meteorological conditions mostly corresponded to the patterns of the monsoon climate in the south of the Far East of Russia. As a result of the conducted research, 25 links of vegetable-potatoes crop rotations were studied. The best variants of alternation of table beet and the main vegetable crops on the yields of the control crop that completes the links of crop rotations (red beet) are revealed. The best links in the total yield of vegetable products for all the years of research are highlighted. This makes it possible to design the most successful links and not use crop rotations with unsatisfactory alternation of crops, especially those that start with table beets and potatoes.
Key words: Primorye, table beet, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, crop rotation link, yield, output of products
Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E–mail: email@example.com
Leunov V.I., D. Sci. (Agr.), professor of departament of vegetable growing, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E–mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E–mail: email@example.com
Nikolaev V.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), associate professor of department of agriculture and experimental methods, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E–mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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For citing: The table beet in vegetable potato crop rotations in the south of the Far East of Russia. N.A. Sakara, V.I. Leunov, T.S. Tarasova, V.A. Nikolaev. 2021. No4. Pp. 17-21.
https://doi.org/10.25630/PAV.2021.48.98.002 (In Russ.).