The table beet in vegetable potato crop rotations in the south of the Far East of Russia

UDC 635.1/.8:635.11+135.13+635.34+635.62:631.582

Sakara N.A., Leunov V.I., Tarasova T.S., Nikolaev V.A.

Red beet is one of the most important crops in vegetable and vegetable-potato crop rotations. However, there is no unambiguous information about its reaction to previous cultures during alternation. To explore this question at the Primorye Vegetable Research station – branch of FSCVG was laid many years of inpatient experience using progressive method «planting all crops at all». In the first year of each of the two marker, in 2002 and 2005, respectively, oats and soybeans were sequentially sown for green fertilizer. In the second year after the sideral steam, potatoes (Nevskiy variety), white cabbage (Vyuga variety), carrots (Taifun variety), table beet (Bordo variety 237) and table pumpkin (Nadezhda variety) were grown. In the third year, potatoes, white cabbage, carrots, table beets and pumpkins were grown for each crop. In the fourth year, table beets, potatoes, and white cabbage were grown as the final crops for these crops. Such an annual overlap of crops made it possible to study twenty five vegetable-potatoes crop rotations with different saturation (from 25 to 75%) of their vegetable plants and potatoes by 2005 and 2008. The soil of the experimental site is meadow-brown cultivated, heavy fur composition, slightly acidic with a high content of mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium. The systems of tillage, application of fertilizers, protective equipment, and technology of cultivation of vegetable crops and potatoes were in accordance with the recommendations of the Primorye Vegetable Research Station. In the years of the research, the meteorological conditions mostly corresponded to the patterns of the monsoon climate in the south of the Far East of Russia. As a result of the conducted research, 25 links of vegetable-potatoes crop rotations were studied. The best variants of alternation of table beet and the main vegetable crops on the yields of the control crop that completes the links of crop rotations (red beet) are revealed. The best links in the total yield of vegetable products for all the years of research are highlighted. This makes it possible to design the most successful links and not use crop rotations with unsatisfactory alternation of crops, especially those that start with table beets and potatoes.

Key words: Primorye, table beet, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, crop rotation link, yield, output of products

Sakara N.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), leading research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E–mail:

Leunov V.I., D. Sci. (Agr.), professor of departament of vegetable growing, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E–mail:

Tarasova T.S., junior research fellow, Primorskaya VES–branch of FSBSI FSVC. E–mail:

Nikolaev V.A., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), associate professor of department of agriculture and experimental methods, RSAU-MTAA after K.A. Timiryazev. E–mail:

  1. Firsov I.P. et al. Technology of crop production. Moscow. Kolos. 2005. 90 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Introduction of specialized crop rotations in intensive vegetable growing: recommendations. M.L. Razlukina, V.A. Bashmachnikova, N.N. Lilojan, S.S. Litvinov. Moscow. Rosselhozizdat. 1980. 20 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Handbook of agronomist-vegetable grower (under the general editorship of V.A. Bryzgalov). Moscow. State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. 1951. 1047 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Aleksashin V.I., Razlukina M.L., Bashmachnikova V.A. Progenitors of vegetable crops in vegetable-feed crop rotations. Completed research works recommended for introduction into agricultural production. Moscow. 1971. Pp. 44–48 (In Russ.).
  5. Bykovskij V.Ya. Development of crop rotations and soil preparation. Vegetable growing of the Far East. Habarovsk. Habarovskoe knizhnoe izd-vo. 1976. Pp. 79–93 (In Russ.).
  6. Litvinov S.S. Scientific bases of land use in vegetable growing. Moscow. 1992. 247 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Litvinov S.S. Scientific foundations of modern vegetable growing. Moscow. 2008. 776 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Litvinov S.S. Methodology of experimental practice in vegetable growing. Moscow. FGUP «Tipografija Rosselhozakademii». 2011. 648 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Borisov V.A. Complex assessment of various fertilizer systems in intensive vegetable crop rotation on alluvial meadow soil. Agrochemistry. 1985. No2. Pp. 29–36 (In Russ.).
  10. Perednev V.P., Autko A.A. Cabbage in vegetable-fodder crop rotations. Potato and vegetabls. 1981. No12. Pp. 16–17 (In Russ.).
  11. Sakara N.A. Influence of steam types and fertilizer systems on the fertility of meadow-brown soil in vegetable crop rotation. Far-Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences bulletin. 2017. No3(193). Pp. 38–44 (In Russ.).
  12. Sidorenko S.P. Improvement of the technological process and justification of machines for the cultivation of vegetable crops on agro-reclamation ridges in the Far East zone. Improvement of vegetable cultivation technologies. Moscow. 1988. Pp. 50–65 (In Russ.).
  13. Dospehov B.A. The methodology of the experimental case. Moscow. Kolos. 1973. 336 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Sakara N.A. The best potato precursors in vegetable crop rotations with sideral steam. Potato and vegetables. 2010. No3. Pp. 17–19 (In Russ.).


For citing: The table beet in vegetable potato crop rotations in the south of the Far East of Russia. N.A. Sakara, V.I. Leunov, T.S. Tarasova, V.A. Nikolaev. 2021. No4. Pp. 17-21. (In Russ.).

This entry was posted in Vegetable growing and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *