Analysis of table beet production in Russia

UDC 635.11

Timakova L.N., Surikhina T.N.

The article analyzes the indicators of beet production in Russia (by districts, subjects of the federation and categories of farms). The object of research is the market for the production of canteen beets. The subject of the study is the current state of table beet production. The information base of the study was made up of data from FAO, official state statistics, the Federal Customs Service, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, Parliamentary hearings of the State Duma Committee on Agrarian Issues, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Eurasian Economic Commission, operational online messages of federal and regional levels, materials of periodicals, scientific seminars, conferences, symposiums, reflecting various aspects of the problem under study. Over the past ten years, farms of all categories have seen a decrease in acreage (by 33.2%) and gross harvest (by 20.6%) of table beet. A significant decrease in these indicators (by 37.9% and 35.1%, respectively) occurred in the households of the population. The highest yield of table beet (30.4 t/ha) was noted in agricultural organizations. The average yield in farms and households of the population left 22 t/ha. There are a number of systemic problems in Russian vegetable growing that limit the increase in vegetable production and negatively affect its effectiveness: weak technical and material equipment of a significant part of farms engaged in vegetable production due to outdated technical base, insufficient provision of vegetable crops with seeds of domestic production. One of the leading roles in the implementation of the policy of food security and national independence is played by the selection and seed production of vegetable crops. Sanctions make it possible to carry out import substitution of table beet varieties. To date, the main task is to abandon the import of seeds of foreign selection, and therefore it is important to concentrate on creating new varieties that will be of high quality, good yield, as well as disease resistance. According to the results of testing in leading agricultural organizations, modern varieties of breeding of the Federal Scientific Centre of Vegetable Growing and the Poisk Agrofirm fully satisfy the requirements of the market and can take a worthy place in the fields of RF.

Key words: vegetable growing, gross harvest, acreage, yield, table beet, production, demand

Timakova L.N., Cand. Sci. (Agr.), senior research fellow of the department of breeding and seed growing. E-mail:

Surikhina T.N., junior research fellow of the Department of Economics and Forecasts. E-mail:

All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing – branch of FSBSI Federal Scientific Vegetable Centre (ARRIVG – branch of FSBSI FSVC)

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For citing: Timakova L.N., Surikhina T.N. Analysis of table beet production in Russia. Potato and vegetables. 2022. No9. Pp. 20-23. (In Russ.).

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